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​Publications (*indicates student or postdoc authors from Minghui Diao’s group)


Wang, D.*, C.A. Yang, and M. Diao. Validation of Satellite-based Cloud Phase Distributions Using Global-Scale In-Situ Airborne Observations, Earth and Space Science, DOI:10.1029/2023EA003355, 2024.


Desai, N.*, M. Diao, Y. Shi, X. Liu, and I. Silber. Ship-based Observations and Climate Model Simulation of Cloud Phase over the Southern Ocean, Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 128, e2023JD038581., 2023.

Maciel, F. V.*, M. Diao, and R. Patnaude. Examination of aerosol indirect effects during cirrus cloud evolution, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 23, 1103–1129,, 2023.

Zhao, X., Liu, X., Burrows, S., DeMott, P. J., Diao, M., McFarquhar, G. M., et al. Important ice processes are missed by the Community Earth System Model in Southern Ocean mixed-phase clouds: Bridging SOCRATES observations to model developments. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 128, e2022JD037513., 2023.

Yorks, J.E., J. Wang, M.J. McGill, M. Follette-Cook, E.P. Nowottnick, J.S. Reid, P.R. Colarco, J. Zhang, O. Kalashnikova, H. Yu, F. Marenco, J.A. Santanello, T.M. Weckwerth, Z. Li, J.R. Campbell, P. Yang, M. Diao, V. Noel, K.G. Meyer, J.L. Carr, M. Garay, K. Christian, A. Bennedetti, A.M. Ring, A. Crawford, M.J. Pavolonis, V. Aquila, J. Kim, and S. Kondragunta, A SmallSat Concept to Resolve Diurnal and Vertical Variations of Aerosols, Clouds, and Boundary Layer Height, Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 104, E815–E836,


Maciel, F. V.*, M. Diao. The Transition from Supercooled Liquid Water to Ice Crystals in Mixed-phase Clouds based on Airborne In-situ Observations, Atmospheric Measurement Techniques Discussion, in review, 2022.


Yang, C.A.*, M. Diao, A. Gettelman, K. Zhang, J. Sun, W. Wu, G. McFarquhar, Ice and Supercooled Liquid Water Distributions over the Southern Ocean based on In Situ Observations and Climate Model Simulations, Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmosphere, 126, e2021JD036045., 2021.

​Yip, J.*, M. Diao, I. Silber, A. Gettelman. Evaluation of the CAM6 climate model using cloud observations at McMurdo Station, Antarctica. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 126, e2021JD034653., 2021.

Patnaude, R.*, M. Diao, X. Liu, S. Chu. Effects of Thermodynamics, Dynamics and Aerosols on Cirrus Clouds Based on In Situ Observations and NCAR CAM6 Model. Atmospheric Physics and Chemistry, 21, 1835–1859,, 2021.


Atlas, R., Mohrmann, J., Finlon, J., Lu, J., Hsiao, I., Wood, R., and Diao, M.: The University of Washington Ice-Liquid Discriminator (UWILD) improves single particle phase classifications of hydrometeors within Southern Ocean clouds using machine learning, Atmos. Meas. Tech. Discuss.,, accepted, 2021.

O’Neill, S., M. Diao, S. Raffuse, M. Al-Hamdan, M. Barik, Y. Jia, S. Reid, Y. Zou, D. Tong, J. West, J. Wilkins, A Marsha, F. Freedman, J. Vargo, N. Larkin, E. Alvarado, P. Loesche. A Multi-Analysis Approach for Estimating Regional Health Impacts from the 2017 Northern California Wildfires. Journal of Air & Water Waste Management (JA&WMA),, 2021.

Holloway, T., D. Miller, Susan Anenberg, M. Diao, B. Duncan, A.M. Fiore, D. Henze, J. Hess, P. Kinney, Y. Liu, J.L. Neu, S. O’Neill, M.T. Odman, R.B. Pierce, A. Russell, D. Tong, J.J. West, M.A. Zondlo. Satellite Monitoring for Air Quality and Health, Annu. Rev. Biomed. Data Sci. 4,, 2021.



Patnaude R.* and M. Diao, Aerosol indirect effects on cirrus clouds based on global aircraft observations, Geophysical Research Letter, 47, e2019GL086550., 2020.

Sanchez, K. J., G. C. Roberts, M. Diao, and L. M. Russell. Measured Constraints on Cloud Top Entrainment to Reduce Uncertainty of Nonprecipitating Stratocumulus Shortwave Radiative Forcing in the Southern Ocean. Geophys. Res. Lett., 47, e2020GL090513,, 2020.


Diao M., T. Holloway, S. Choi, S.M. O’Neill, M.Z. Al-Hamdan, A. van Donkelaar, R.V. Martin, X. Jin, A.M. Fiore, D.K. Henze, F. Lacey, P.L. Kinney, F. Freedman, N.K. Larkin, Y. Zou, J.T. Kelly, and A. Vaidyanathan. "Methods, availability, and applications of PM2.5 exposure estimates derived from ground measurements, satellite, and atmospheric models", Journal of Air & Water Waste Management,, 2019. (review article)


Zhang, M., X. Liu, M. Diao, J. D’Alessandro, Y. Wang, C. Wu, D. Zhang, Z. Wang, and S. Xie, "Impacts of subgrid mixing between cloud liquid and ice on Arctic mixed-phase clouds in NCAR CAM5, Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmosphere", revised/resubmitted, 2019.

D’Alessandro, J.*, M. Diao, C. Wu, X. Liu, B. Stephens, and J.B. Jensen, “Cloud phase and relative humidity distributions over the Southern Ocean in austral summer based on in-situ observations and CAM5 simulations”, J. Climate, doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-18-0232.1, 2019.


D’Alessandro, J.* Adviser: Minghui Diao: Cloud microphysical properties based on airborne in situ observations and evaluation of a weather forecasting model and a global climate model. M.S. thesis, Dept. of Meteorology and Climate Science, San Jose State University, 78 pp.,, 2018.


Diao, M., G.H. Bryan, H. Morrison, and J.B. Jensen, Ice nucleation parameterization and relative humidity distribution in idealized squall line simulations, Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 74, 2761–2787,, 2017.

D'Alessandro, J.*, M. Diao, C. Wu, X. Liu, M. Chen, H. Morrison, T. Eidhammer, J.B. Jensen, A. Bansemer, M.A. Zondlo, J.P. DiGangi. Dynamical conditions of ice supersaturation and ice nucleation in convective systems: a comparative analysis between in-situ aircraft observations and WRF simulations, Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmosphere, 122, doi:10.1002/2016JD025994, 2017.

Stephens B.B. et al., The O2/N2 Ratio and CO2 Airborne Southern Ocean (ORCAS) Study, Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 0,, 2017.


Wu, C., X. Liu, M. Diao, K. Zhang, A. Gettelman, Z. Lu, J.E. Penner, and Z. Lin. Direct comparisons of ice cloud macro- and microphysical properties simulated by the Community Atmosphere Model version 5 with HIPPO aircraft observations, Atmos. Chem. Phys., doi:10.5194/acp-17-4731-2017, 2017.



Tan, X., Y. Huang, M. Diao, A. Bansemer, M. A. Zondlo, J. P. DiGangi, R. Volkamer, and Y. Hu. An assessment of the radiative effects of ice supersaturation based on in situ observations, Geophysical Research Letter, 43, 11,039–11,047, doi:10.1002/2016GL071144, 2016.



Diao, M., J.B. Jensen, L.L. Pan, C.R. Homeyer, S. Honomichl, J.F. Bresch and A. Bansemer. “Distributions of ice supersaturation and ice crystals from airborne observations in relation to upper tropospheric dynamical boundaries”, Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmosphere, 120, 5101–5121. doi: 10.1002/2015JD023139, 2015.



Diao, M., M.A. Zondlo, A.J. Heymsfield and S.P. Beaton. “Hemispheric comparison of cirrus cloud evolution using in situ measurements in HIAPER Pole-to-Pole Observations”, Geophysical Research Letters, doi:10.1002/2014GL059873, 2014.


Diao, M., M.A. Zondlo, A.J. Heymsfield, L.M. Avallone, M.E. Paige, S.P. Beaton, T. Campos and D.C. Rogers. “Cloud-scale ice supersaturated regions spatially correlate with high water vapor heterogeneities”, Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 14, 2639-2656, 2014.



Diao, M., M.A. Zondlo, A.J. Heymsfield, D.C. Rogers and S.P. Beaton. “Evolution of ice crystal regions on the microscale based on in situ observations”, Geophysical Research Letters, 40 (13), 3473-3478, doi: 10.1002/grl.50665, 2013.


Diao, M., L. Jumbam, J. Sheffield, E. Wood and M.A. Zondlo. “Validation of AIRS/AMSU-A water vapor and temperature data with in situ aircraft observations from surface to UT/LS at 87°N–67°S”, Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 118 (12), 6816–6836, 2013.


Cziczo, D.J., K.D. Froyd,  C. Hoose, E.J. Jensen, M. Diao,  M.A. Zondlo, J.B. Smith, C. Twohy and D.M. Murphy. “Cirrus clouds form predominantly on mineral dust and metallic aerosol, not elemental carbon or biological particles”, Science, 340 (6138), 1320–1324, 2013.


Froyd, K.D., D.J. Cziczo, C. Hoose, E.J. Jensen, M. Diao, M.A. Zondlo, J.B. Smith, C.H. Twohy, D.M. Murphy, “Cirrus cloud formation and the role of heterogeneous ice nuclei” (Conference Paper), AIP Conference Proceedings, 1527 (2013), 976-978, 19th International Conference on Nucleation and Atmospheric Aerosols (ICNAA), 2013.



Kort, E.A., S.C. Wofsy, B.C. Daube, M. Diao, J.W. Elkins, R.S. Gao, E.J. Hintsa, D.F. Hurst, R. Jimenez, F.L. Moore, J.R. Spackman and M.A. Zondlo. “Atmospheric observations of high latitude Arctic Ocean methane emissions”, Nature Geoscience, 5, 318-321, 2012.



Wofsy, S.C., B.C. Daube, R. Jimenez, E. Kort, J.V. Pittman, S. Park, R. Commane, B. Xiang, G.Santoni, D. Jacob, J. Fisher, C. Pickett-Heaps, H. Wang, K. Wecht, Q.-Q. Wang, B.B. Stephens, B. B.,S. Schertz, P. Romashkin, T. Campos, J. Haggerty, W.A. Cooper, D. Rogers, S. Beaton, J.W. Elkins, D. Fahey, R. Gao, F. Moore,S.A. Montzka, J.P. Schwartz, D. Hurst, B. Miller, C. Sweeney, S. Oltmans, D. Nance, E.F. Hintsa, G. Dutton, L.A. Watts, R. Spackman, K. Rosenlof, E. Ray, M.A. Zondlo, M. Diao, M.J. Mahoney, M. Chahine, E. Olsen, R. Keeling, J. Bent, E.A. Atlas, R. Lueb, P. Patra, K. Ishijima, R. Engelen, R. Nassar, D.B. Jones, and S. Mikaloff-Fletcher. “HIAPER Pole-to-Pole Observations (HIPPO): Fine grained, global scale measurements of climatically important atmospheric gases and aerosols”, Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London A, 369 (1943), 2073-2086, 2011.



Wunch, D., G. C. Toon, P. O. Wennberg, S. C. Wofsy, B. B. Stephens, M. L. Fischer, O. Uchino, J. B. Abshire, P. Bernath, S. C. Biraud, J.-F. L. Blavier, C. Boone, K. P. Bowman, E. V. Browell, T. Campos, B. J. Connor, B. C. Daube, N. M. Deutscher, M. Diao, J. W. Elkins, C. Gerbig, E. Gottlieb, D. W. T. Griffith, D. F. Hurst, R. Jiménez, G. Keppel-Aleks, E. A. Kort, R. Macatangay, T. Machida, H. Matsueda, F. Moore, I. Morino, S. Park, J. Robinson, C. M. Roehl, Y. Sawa, V. Sherlock, C. Sweeney, T. Tanaka, and M. A. Zondlo. “Calibration of the Total Carbon Column Observing Network using aircraft profile data”. Atmos. Meas. Tech., 3, 1351-1362, 2010.


Diao, M. and M. Yao. “Use of Zero-Valent Iron Nanoparticles in Inactivating Microbes”, Water Research, 43:5243-5251, 2009.

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